How Do I Export Handicrafts?

How Do I Export Handicrafts?

If you want to make money from selling your handcrafted goods, it is necessary to understand the global market. The handicrafts market is vast and diverse, so you need to categorize your products properly. The products that are popular in different markets can include textiles, handloom, wood furniture, painting, paper works, and traditional artworks. It is also important to establish fair prices. You must compare the prices of competitors so that your business doesn’t suffer.

Marketing strategies

The internet is a great tool to promote your handicrafts. You should build a website with great images and a great product description. Include details such as the materials and quality of the products. Your site should also be visible online and show up in search results when potential customers do a web search. Creating an Instagram account is a great idea if you are selling handcrafted goods. It allows you to promote your handcrafted products to a global audience.

If you are interested in selling your handcrafted goods, you should be aware of the limitations of traditional marketing. Traditional handicrafts are not well known outside of their regions. You should try to target tourists. If your products are popular with tourists, you can sell them to them. Most local markets for handicrafts target tourists. However, if you are interested in expanding your sales, you should consider exporting them.

Creating a marketing plan will help you reach a wider audience. You can start by asking friends of different ages to give you feedback on your products. Then, you can focus your crafting ideas to address the needs of a specific age group. You can even create a website that allows people to buy your products.
The Internet has brought an increase in the demand for handicrafts. In fact, handicrafts have the potential to be among the most lucrative markets. With the growth of the tourism industry, handicrafts have become more accessible to consumers. And they are environmentally friendly, which means that they do not require much energy. You can sell your handcrafted products to tourists and local residents in a variety of different settings.


Identifying a target market is a critical step when it comes to branding your handicrafts when exporting. The handicrafts market is very diverse and vast, which is why it is crucial to know your market and the trends. In addition, you should categorize your products to cater to a specific market. For example, you can cater to customers who are looking for textiles, showpieces, paintings, paper works, and other traditional artworks. You must also ensure that the prices you set are reasonable and don’t make you lose money.

A well-designed website can help you establish your brand. You can also use a social media presence to reach out to prospective customers and market your products to a wider audience. The EPCH’s website provides a number of helpful tips for creating a brand image for handicraft exporters. It’s vital to use the appropriate images and content for your website, social media profiles, and other marketing tools.

Local fairs are an excellent opportunity to market your handicrafts. Many buyers at local fairs are looking for handmade pieces that are not available anywhere else. In addition to gaining visibility, you’ll meet potential buyers and get an idea of your competition. However, the internet has also become an important distribution channel for handicrafts. You can create a website to sell your products or list them on online auction sites. However, remember to consider the costs of online distribution before setting up a website, and make sure you have mastered the marketing tools specific to the web. Adding high-quality pictures can attract visitors and increase sales.

As globalization has altered the world economy, the handicraft industry has faced challenges from increased competition, new technology, and increased globalization. Particularly, it is now facing tough competition from machine-made products. This has made India’s market share in handicrafts stagnate at around two percent for years. However, a new brand is emerging in the country and creating a buzz online. If you’re interested in expanding your handicrafts market, it’s imperative to learn as much as you can about marketing.


There are a number of different approaches to pricing when exporting handicrafts. The most common approach involves market-driven pricing, which involves adjusting the price of your products based on the demand of the market. This strategy is useful for items with a stable market, but it can be risky for products that are not as durable. Another approach involves skimming, which involves charging more for your products than your competitors charge. This strategy can generate high profits but is only suitable for commodities with stable markets.

Another way to ensure that your product is well-priced and has the right market niche is to work with a reputed shipping company and a customs housing agency. In addition, a reputable shipping company can help your handicrafts reach their international market. Pricing for your handicrafts can make or break your business. Once you know your target market and have the right pricing strategy, you can begin exporting your products.

Various factors affect the prices of Vietnamese handicrafts. These include the GDP of the importer and Vietnam’s own. Moreover, the distance between the two countries is an important factor that should be taken into account. The gravity model also takes into account the country’s openness and common language. Taking these factors into account, you can determine which products are the most suitable for exporting to the European market.

The best way to set the price of your products for exporting is to compare them with those of other products in the same market. Besides, it will help you establish a good image for your product and establish a leadership position in the export market. But you should bear in mind that prices should not be too low for your product. This is because consumers are very sensitive to both the quality and price. The wrong price can hurt your business.

Import-export code

To export your Indian handicrafts, you must register with the Director-General of Foreign Trade and get an Import-Export Code (IEC). This unique ten-digit code serves as a business identification mark. The government of India offers several benefits for exporters to make the process easier and faster. Once you’ve registered, you should register with the relevant export promotion councils and commodity boards. You should also apply for a company PAN card to register your export business.

Import-export data for handicrafts include the quantity, weight, and shipper name. The data is derived from the customs bill of lading database. You can use this data to identify potential partners for your handicrafts business. By identifying potential buyers, you can get the right price quote. When preparing your IEC submission, be sure to use the correct code for your handicrafts.

The Import-Export Council for Handicrafts is an independent, non-profit organization run by professionals and exporters. It is comprised of an Executive Director and a Committee of Administration made up of eminent exporters. The Council is self-supporting and self-funded. The Import-Export Code for Handicrafts is essential for exporting Indian handicrafts.

The system was created to make the import and export process easier for all parties. This code system is universally accepted and is widely used by manufacturers and traders. The code is used to distinguish between goods and services and is a mandatory part of the process. The code can be found on the Customs tariff website. Its use will help you get the right price.

Payment gateway

There are many advantages to using a payment gateway when exporting handicrafts. First, it can provide you with more exposure and improve your sales. Secondly, you can get your products listed on popular online marketplaces. Many marketplaces require licenses and permissions to sell your products. Here are some of the things you should know about obtaining these licenses. In addition, you can find a payment gateway that offers many features.

The RBI has also imposed strict guidelines on the use of the OPGSP facility for small exporters. The RBI has also restricted the facility for transactions of $500 and less. In a way, this limits the scope of the service. Exporters can use OPGSPs to handle higher-value export e-commerce transactions.

If you plan to export handicrafts from India, you must make sure that you have all of the required documents. You must also find prospective buyers in the US and other markets. The government provides assistance to exporters in this process and helps them gain export-friendly tax rates. Moreover, you should choose a reliable shipping partner to ship your products. This will ensure timely customs clearance and efficient delivery of your products.

Handicraft Export From Bangladesh

Handicraft Export From Bangladesh

Handicraft export from Bangladesh is facing several challenges. These constraints include a limited range of products, a lack of innovative designs, and a shortage of finance and technology. The lack of a well-equipped design center is a major drawback in production and innovation. Small entrepreneurs cannot meet the challenges posed by international competition because they lack the necessary tools. Here are some tips to boost the export of handicrafts from Bangladesh.

Product Variety

A number of constraints have been identified as the main obstacles to Bangladeshi handicraft exports. These include a lack of new designs and products, insufficient finance, and a lack of effective technology. However, the product variety is still huge despite the limitations mentioned above. This article will examine the main problems faced by the handicraft industry in Bangladesh and how they can be overcome. To help you develop a business in this field, read on to discover the best ways to grow it.

The products that are exported from Bangladesh are made from a wide range of materials. There is a huge demand for handicrafts in the world and in many countries. Some of these materials are jute, bamboo, and carpet. Bamboo products are among the oldest handicrafts in Bangladesh and were once used by separate communities for domestic purposes. However, the world market for these products is estimated at $100 billion.

Although the sector has not been organized for decades, it has gained significant market share in recent years.

Some traditional handicrafts such as block-printed textiles, vegetable dyed textiles, artificial flowers, woven jute, and cane basketry have a great deal of potential for growth. Small leather goods are also worth considering, as they can command a greater share of their target markets. And, if you are a small business or an individual looking to start a new venture, the benefits of exporting handmade products from Bangladesh are numerous.

The most popular handicrafts from Bangladesh are ceramics, woodwork, cotton, silk, leather, silver, gold, cane, and bamboo. There are also a variety of metal crafts. In addition to metal and ceramic, there are a number of traditional handicrafts made from cotton, silk, and jute. Handmade goods are also sold by small cottage industries. A variety of designs and materials makes this region a great destination for handicraft exports.

Product range

Several factors constrain the product range of handicrafts exported from Bangladesh. The most prominent constraints include a narrow product range, lack of innovative designs, and inadequate communication facilities. Furthermore, the industry lacks adequate infrastructure and technology for producing in large volumes. These limitations are likely to hinder the growth of handicraft export from Bangladesh. The country’s handicraft sector has tremendous potential to meet the needs of the global market.

The country’s handicraft exports include many types of baskets, rugs, boxes, trays, furniture, and Christmas decorations. Baskets made of jute, water hyacinth, and sea grass are some of the most popular products. These items can be used for laundry, storage, and organization, as well as for decoration. Many types of baskets are made of various materials, including plastic and bamboo.

The HS-defined categories are too broad to include handmade products that use natural materials.

The EU market for basketry and handwoven rugs was worth over EUR400 million in 2016 alone. Even though Bangladesh’s small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) hold a small portion of this market, they are rapidly increasing their share in this sector. The demand for these products is high and growing. There are many benefits for the country’s rural population.

The Government of Bangladesh has set an encouraging macroeconomic context for the handicraft industry. Its GDP has risen over 5% over the past several years. In the medium term, Bangladesh’s prospects are bright as the country has recently been categorized as a lower-middle income country and is on track to graduate from the list of Least Developed Countries by 2024. So, it’s time to focus on upgrading the HDHT handicraft sector and increasing the income of rural women in the process.

Impact of natural raw materials on handicraft export from Bangladesh

The lack of adequate policy support has impacted the development of the country’s handicraft industry. Despite increasing demand for handicraft products worldwide, Bangladesh’s export volume has remained stagnant for years. Without adequate natural raw materials, skilled artisans, design development mechanisms, and infrastructure, the country is unable to compete in the global marketplace. According to Golam Ahsan, president of the Bangladesh Handicraft Manufacturers and Exporters Association, “The handicraft industry in Bangladesh is facing a number of challenges, including the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic.”

Agricultural producers are facing severe crop damage, with seagrass and jute harvesting being affected by floods. The price of these materials has increased by 30 to 40%, depending on the location, said Golam Ahsan, president of the Bangladesh Handicraft Manufacturers and Exporters Association. Meanwhile, the government is increasing the number of loans for a single importer. The government also partnered with the Bangladesh Textile Manufacturers Association (BTMA) to establish a national institute for textile training and research. It also provides incentives to shipbuilding, frozen food, and the IT industry.

The demand for handicrafts has increased since the 1970s when they were first introduced and were accepted by the public.

However, during the early years, they were not widely accepted due to poor quality and unattractive design. Today, however, people are increasingly conscious of the environment and prefer eco-friendly products over those made from artificial materials. Furthermore, handicrafts from Bangladesh have a significant role in the domestic supply and export of goods.

Lack of data is a significant problem in assessing the impact of natural raw materials on the handicraft sector. Without data, it is difficult to develop policies that promote the handicraft sector. Moreover, the informal nature of handicrafts makes it difficult to collect data on the sector. Therefore, it is imperative that the government collects and compiles relevant data in a timely manner to ensure that policies and actions are appropriate for the country’s handicrafts industry.

Importance of infrastructure

The handicraft industry of Bangladesh has a good potential to be an exporter of fine products. The country is rich in craft raw materials, and it can produce various products that are highly valued by global consumers. However, the country lacks the infrastructure and technology needed for thriving export business. In addition, the country does not have the necessary communication facilities and is not sufficiently equipped to meet the needs of a diverse global market.

The Generalized System of Preferences gives preferential treatment to Bangladeshi handicrafts in the American and European markets. Although it is unlikely that it will continue in the future, this tariff preference will ensure that the country’s export-oriented handicrafts remain competitive. Additionally, cash incentives are available for some handicrafts to facilitate their export. This incentive is an excellent stimulus for handicraft exports.

In addition to supporting designers, manufacturers, and exporters, the country must develop a national handicraft industry-related infrastructure.

The handicraft sector in Bangladesh lacks a coherent national policy and institutional support. The country’s Small and Cottage Industries Corporation (BSCIC) is only in a position to provide limited support services, such as design improvement. Furthermore, it is important to create a market-oriented infrastructure for handicrafts to ensure their continued growth and sustainability.

Handicraft exports from Bangladesh could help reduce migration from rural areas and improve the standard of living for millions of people. The government could also support the establishment of a separate industrial park near the capital city of Dhaka to facilitate the production of raw materials used in handicrafts. Moreover, a separate policy should promote the development of the country’s tourism industry. In the meantime, a thriving handicraft sector would help reduce the migration of rural people to urban areas.

Top Garment Exporter Country is China

Top Garment Exporter Country is China

In terms of infrastructure, China has the advantage over the other four countries. The less developed countries tend to have the poorer infrastructure, which can cause production to halt. In addition, power cuts and increased transportation times can hinder production. Further, inspections take longer in less developed countries, and public transportation systems in these countries are not as developed. For these reasons, China is a top garment exporter. China’s infrastructure and labor standards also make it a preferred location for garment production.

Bangladesh’s textile industry

China remains the world’s largest apparel producer and the top garments exporter country for Bangladesh. However, China’s policies have hurt Bangladesh’s garment exports, affecting the country’s growth prospects. The country has recently extended its duty-free access to garments from the least developed countries of Asia, including Bangladesh. These benefits cover 299 different types of garments, including jute and leather, and live and frozen fish.

China’s advanced technology and labor force have helped it capture more than half of the global garments market. However, the United States has caught up to China and now stands second in the rankings. Germany, meanwhile, is a close second, with an export value of $40 billion. While Germany is the top garments exporter, it has changed its mindset from being obsessed with producing more products at lower prices. It has adapted the best practices of other countries to compete in the international market.

The top garments exporter country is China, as it accounts for almost a third of global clothing exports.

Despite this, India, the Philippines, and Hungary are all experiencing declines in their apparel exports. Meanwhile, Myanmar and Armenia experienced a 70 percent increase. However, China is still the world’s largest apparel exporter, accounting for nearly 30 percent of global exports. And it’s still only the beginning.

While China’s minimum wage reflects official mandated rates, many manufacturers still operate illegally and pay their workers less than the minimum wage. China’s labor costs are rising and importers are turning to lower-wage countries like India. This is reducing China’s competitive edge. However, this does not mean that India and Bangladesh are dead in the water. Those nations, along with the United States, are among the top three garments exporter countries.

Bangladesh’s Covid-19

The Chinese market is the world’s largest for apparel exports, but it is becoming less competitive as China has extended duty-free access to Bangladeshi garments. It is estimated that Bangladesh could sell $25 billion worth of garments to the Chinese market if local suppliers could capture 1% of that market. But, as of the time of this writing, Bangladesh’s share in China’s apparel exports stands at just 0.05 percent – the equivalent of $1 billion. The country’s exports to China are falling as the country’s currency depreciates.

The Chinese garment industry is thriving, thanks to advanced technology and a vast labor force. Its share of the global garments market is now more than half that of Bangladesh and India. Germany, meanwhile, is the second-largest exporter of garments, worth $40 billion. But, the German manufacturing sector is undergoing major changes. Its old mindset of producing more but keeping prices low has shifted to a focus on quality and innovation.

According to the World Trade Organization, China is the top global apparel exporter.

China is also the world’s largest producer of textiles and apparel. This is expected to increase by 30.4% in 2020, thanks to a surge in demand for face masks amid the Covid-19 pandemic. However, China’s growth is limited by its regional competitors, who all export much less than China. In 2020, China is projected to be the Top garments exporter country, with a share of 31.6%.

China is the world’s leading garments exporter, with more than half of the total global textile industry’s output. The United States, meanwhile, is one of the leading producers of raw cotton and is the world’s leading garment importer. And India is the world’s third largest textile exporter, responsible for more than $30 billion in total output. But what does this mean for the United States? The apparel industry is worth more than $1 trillion globally.

India’s competitiveness

The Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) is one of the key factors influencing the performance of Indian textiles and apparel. However, there is a need for India to improve its competitiveness as a garments exporter to improve its global trade position. Several policy changes are needed to improve India’s competitiveness in garments exports. A study of the GSP will help to determine whether the changes will have an impact on the export of Indian textiles and apparel to different destinations.

For the textile industry to compete globally, the government must increase the allocation of tax credits and reduce the interest rate to promote technology upgradation. The TUF scheme should be extended till the end of March 2010 to help the garment export sector grow. This increased allocation would further improve the competitiveness of Indian apparel companies and would encourage technology upgradation. At the same time, fresh investments in plant and equipment and the expansion of capacity are key factors in the competitiveness of the Indian garments export industry.

The man-made fiber-based textiles and apparel sector of India has significant advantages.

Its high trade intensity with the United States and the UK is also an advantage. The government should try to increase the export value of these products incrementally, by 10 percent. The CII-Kearney report provides an overview of the recent initiatives taken in the garments export sector. For more information, please visit

The main drawbacks of India’s garments exports are its cost disadvantages compared to its key competitors. Power costs in India are 30-40 percent higher than in Bangladesh. Moreover, the lack of free trade agreements and preferential trade agreements has exacerbated India’s disadvantage in the landed cost of goods. India is also using old inefficient machines, and it is lagging behind its competition when it comes to the adoption of modern machinery.

Bangladesh’s minimum wage

For garment workers in Bangladesh, the minimum wage is a matter of bitter frustration. The government’s plans to increase the minimum wage have been rejected by garment workers, who view their livelihoods as the golden goose. The government has held meetings with stakeholders, but so far no results have been seen. In a recent meeting, prime minister Sheikh Hasina announced a 51% increase in the minimum wage for garment workers. While this may sound like a small increase, the new minimum wage in Bangladesh is still higher than in China.

According to the government’s own data, the minimum wage in China is Tk 8,400 ($172) per month, but that’s nowhere near the Tk 16,000 minimum wage. A six-member family needs at least Tk 28,620 ($341) per month, which would pay for basic necessities. In addition to the minimum wage, a garment worker’s basic salary will automatically increase to Tk 38,000 ($185) after five years.

The government is working to address the problem.

It has halted violent protests. It’s likely to be a long process, but there is a clear solution. A seven-seven percent increase in the minimum wage will provide a boost to Bangladesh’s economy.

Despite the increased competition, wage levels in Bangladesh are still competitive with other Asian countries, including China and Vietnam. But the higher wage in China is not a good thing for Bangladesh’s garment industry. Moreover, the Chinese and Vietnamese garment industries also have minimum wages that are much higher than those in Bangladesh. If the government continues to raise these wages, Bangladesh will likely face a significant decrease in its exports and its garment industry.

Mexico’s competitiveness

A significant amount of Mexican textile and apparel exports originate in other countries, including the United States and China. While Mexican textiles and apparel have a higher added value, labor costs in Mexico are more expensive than in Asian nations. In addition, the country’s approach toward China is the largest source of the decline in the competitiveness of Mexican textile and apparel exports. To counter this trend, Mexico’s government is inviting foreign investors to invest in its textile and apparel industries.

The United States and Canada’s 2015 agreement stabilized Mexico’s position in the US import market, but Mexico’s textile and apparel industry wants to expand its reach in other markets, particularly in EU nations and the United Kingdom. Mexico is a large country with a population of 129 million, and its young, affluent population is likely to spend more on clothing than on older people.

In recent years, Mexico has invested in the textile and apparel industry, generating more than $4.2 billion in exports last year, accounting for 20 percent of the country’s total manufacturing employment.

In 2013, Mexico’s textile and apparel industry employed 415,000 workers and served more than two thousand apparel companies in the U.S. The country has also demonstrated the value of this industry for the U.S. market. In 2015, Mexico’s textile and apparel exports increased by nearly 10 percent.

The United States has long been a major textile and apparel importer, and the country’s trade relationship with China has also helped Mexico’s garments sector flourish. Since the year 2000, China has surpassed Mexico as the largest textile and apparel exporter in the US. Despite the benefits of a free trade deal with the United States, the U.S. textile and clothing industry is facing growing competition from the Chinese economy.

Global Leading Cosmetics Exporting Countries

Global Leading Cosmetics Exporting Countries

The United States has been a global leader in the production of cosmetics, and this has resulted in the country being the leading exporter of these products. However, after the COVID-19 pandemic hit the industry hard, sales abroad have not yet recovered to their pre-crisis levels. The graph below shows how the export performance of US cosmetics has fared since the crisis. Despite this, the U.S. remains the leading exporting country of these products.

Natural ingredients in cosmetics

There are many reasons to consider importing natural ingredients for cosmetics. One of the best reasons is the growing demand for natural ingredients from consumers. Additionally, natural ingredients in personal care products are becoming more popular, due to the trend toward sustainable raw materials. Listed below are six country markets that are ripe for natural ingredient exports. Listed below are the benefits and advantages of importing natural ingredients for cosmetics from each country.

Organic acids, for example, replace synthetic preservatives. They promote blood circulation and strengthen hair and scalp. These ingredients are also widely used in pharmaceuticals. Food-based cosmetics contain hemisqualane, a natural emulsifier and an alternative to Cyclomethicone, a chemical commonly used in hair and skin care products. Both compounds have numerous beneficial effects, but hemisqualane is a natural substitute for Cyclomethicone.

In addition to using fewer chemicals, natural cosmetics are also less likely to trigger skin irritation and allergies. Furthermore, sustainable products don’t contain artificial colors or synthetic chemicals. Instead, they are based on ingredients from plants and animals that humans have been using for centuries. For example, the French brand La Mer has partnered with a natural cosmetic company called Greentech, which uses Buddleja officials flowers and optimized fermentation of Sphingomonas sp. to obtain the active ingredients it uses.

Entry points for raw materials into the industry

In terms of market size, the Spanish cosmetics market is the fifth largest in Europe and is an attractive export destination for organic and natural ingredients. The Netherlands is also a major market for these ingredients and is an important entry point to the European market. Among the European countries, imports of essential oils and butters increased significantly in the last five years, but the import of palm kernel oil decreased.

The European cosmetics market presents lucrative export opportunities for natural ingredient producers from developing countries. European demand for natural ingredients is highest in hair, skin, and toiletries. Some common natural ingredients include essential oils used as fragrances, vegetable oils with functional properties, and plant-based extracts for active properties. Unilever recently launched its Love, Beauty, and Planet brand in the European market. The company has set up supply chains for many of its essential oils, and sources palmarosa from Uganda.

The global demand for organic and vegan products has been influenced by growing environmental awareness. Environmentally conscious consumers are avoiding the harmful effects of chemical-based cosmetics. Governments around the world have implemented regulations regulating resource use and environmental protection. Meanwhile, the COVID-19 outbreak has disrupted the cosmetics industry and created roadblocks for market players. However, the global market for cosmetics is divided into two distinct segments – prestige products and mass products.

Market share of made-in-France products in 2021

French consumers are increasingly becoming interested in online sales, e-commerce, smartphone use, home delivery services, and more. While foreign products are omnipresent in the stores and distribution channels, French firms have been pursuing eco-friendly products and solutions.

Increasing consumer awareness of environmental and animal welfare issues has spurred the French to choose more eco-friendly, local products. In fact, 79% of consumers said that they would prefer a “more responsible” product of the same price over a product made overseas. Moreover, a third of French consumers purchase second-hand or refurbished products. In addition, made-in-France products are gaining popularity in overseas markets.

New logistical approaches are helping to drive e-commerce growth in France. One such approach is unlimited delivery subscriptions. These subscriptions allow consumers to choose when and where they want their items delivered. Free delivery and returns is a big selling point, but the French are particularly fussy about their convenience, which is why retailers must focus on convenience, speed, and choice. Currently, in-store delivery is the least preferred method.

Who is the Biggest Exporter of Medicine?

Who is the Biggest Exporter of Medicine?

There are two sets of data on exports of medicines. One set measures the amount of medicine sent to the United States, while the other measures the value of the medicines imported. The value data set reflects the high prices of some medicines, as well as the tax avoidance strategies adopted by pharmaceutical corporations. Some firms move their legal homes to countries with low taxes, and then charge their old base countries patent licensing fees, which can be deducted as a business expense. These two sets of data are used to create an infographic showing the top ten import sources.


One of the largest exporters of medicines in India. The country is one of the top producers of antiretrovirals. It supplies 80% of the anti-retrovirals used globally. China has been shutting down many of its factories due to a coronavirus outbreak, which has caused a shortage of essential ingredients. Besides, Indian pharmaceutical firms had already stockpiled ingredients to meet demand during the lunar new year, but the shortages have already started.

While most of the factories are covered until the end of March, the shortages may have long-term impacts on the global availability of some of the most widely used medicines.

India’s pharmaceutical industry started in the late 50s and early 60s, out of a need to meet local shortages of medicine and reduce costs.

Then, many large multinational companies (MNCs) began manufacturing medicines in India. In the late eighties, India began to expand its market internationally and has since enjoyed steady growth. At present, India is the third largest exporter of medicine in the world. In terms of volume, India produces around 40 percent of the world’s generic medicines and 20 percent of its vaccines.

The Indian pharmaceutical industry has enjoyed a strong growth trajectory in recent years, despite a decline in the economy. The industry has seen a 13 to 14 percent increase in the last five years, compared to 9 percent between 2000 and 2005. However, most growth drivers are keeping up with the projected growth rate. There have also been recent launches that have shown the true potential of patented products. The recent decline in GDP growth has hampered the industry’s progress in the global arena.


The largest market for Chinese medicines is Africa, which has over 900 million people and accounts for 12 percent of the world’s population. The region has traditionally had little access to medical care, but Chinese medical producers are changing this situation. Exports of medicine from China to Africa are growing faster than those to Mexico, Southeast Asia, and other countries. The country has a growing demand for prescription medicines. For this reason, African countries have turned to Chinese medicines to meet their medical needs.

The growth of Chinese medicine exports is mainly due to its low cost of production and high quality.

As a result, they have to slash prices to gain market share. Despite this, Chinese exports to the world have consistently increased. In fact, China’s share of medicine exports has increased by almost half in just over four years.

Although China is the largest exporter of medicine, its terms of trade do not reflect its position as the world’s largest manufacturer of medical products. Although China is not explicitly blocking the export of pharmaceuticals, the country has halted exports of face masks due to a government order. Because of this, Chinese manufacturers have no face masks to sell. Meanwhile, transportation restrictions and factory closures have disrupted medicine supply chains. During a pandemic, China’s production is vital. If the epidemic of COVID-19 continues to spread, the world could face a drug shortage.

United States

That scale is the key to China’s success in the world market. Recently, a group of senators called on the Defense Department to evaluate the national security implications of dependence on Chinese medicines. The senators asked the Defense Department to protect the health of millions of Americans by increasing domestic pharmaceutical production.

Medical equipment is a key source of imported goods for the U.S., with imports accounting for 30% of the country’s total demand of medicine.

Medical equipment exports represent approximately 20% of gross domestic product. Over time, the U.S. has become increasingly dependent on foreign suppliers of medical equipment, with a 7% deficit in 2012 and a 14% deficit in 2018.

Medicine imports from the Netherlands and Germany represent the largest proportion of total global exports.

While the Netherlands and Germany were the biggest sources of imported medicine in the past decade, they are not the only countries that export medicine to the United States. China (mainland) and the Netherlands ranked second and third, respectively. In terms of value, the Netherlands, Japan, and China (mainland) were among the top five nations for medical equipment imports.

Despite these risks, the United States is still the world’s biggest exporter of medicine. Its trade relationship with China is adversarial, but it is unlikely to stop any major disruptions. Moreover, it is not prepared to address any minor disruptions in medicine supply from China. And China is a major source of antibiotics, including penicillin and heparin. This is because its domestic manufacturing capacity is far smaller than China’s.

Germany – Medicine

Since 2011, the U.S. has been the biggest supplier of German pharmaceuticals and medical technologies. Last year, German exports of medical supplies and pharmaceuticals totaled $2.2 billion. Increasing demand has resulted in greater regulatory hurdles, but the U.S. continues to be the world’s leading supplier of medical technology and medicines. Germany’s exports of medical technology and medicines have increased by 18 percent since 2010.

In 2018,

the German pharmaceutical market was worth USD 76 billion, accounting for 15.6% of the total health expenditures of the country and 2 percent of its GDP. Over eighty percent of this total was prescription medicines, and 69 percent of that was attributed to patented drugs. In the next few years, the market is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 4.1 percent in both euro and USD terms, with chronic disease and an aging population serving as the primary drivers of growth.

In addition to pharmaceutical products, Germany is the biggest exporter of medical equipment. Its trade in medical equipment reached EUR 50.2 billion USD in 2018. This represented twenty-one percent of the entire market. Despite this, Germany’s trade deficit with the US fell from EUR 46 billion in 2018 to EUR 49 billion in 2021. The Netherlands and Belgium had the largest trade surpluses of pharmaceutical products, while Germany’s trade deficit with the United States was less than half that amount in 2021.

The German market is also a large one, with robust medical equipment production & medicine.

Companies like Siemens, Carl Zeiss, and Dragerwerk are prominent in this sector, focusing on optical technologies and precision medical instruments. Today, Germany is the world’s third-largest market in the area. Its market for medical technology is three times bigger than that of the United Kingdom. The government also funds many research and development projects, and its annual Healthcare Technologies Resource Guide is a useful reference for businesses interested in selling medical products in Germany.

Africa – Medicine

African economies are becoming the largest exporters of medicine, and global pharmaceutical companies have to take note. The continent is home to many small pharmaceutical companies and an estimated 4.5 million people. The region is one of the fastest-growing, and pharmaceutical companies are looking for local business partners to help them navigate its complexities and diverse markets. Local partners understand consumer preferences, manufacturing and distribution infrastructure, and regulatory environments. In addition, partnerships with governments play a significant role in the development of medicine in Africa, including guiding research priorities, securing funding, and providing equipment and training to hospitals.

In 2012, China was the largest exporter of medicine to Africa, while the US ranked far behind 2012.

Since then, however, the volume of trade has never surpassed the 2012 level. In addition to medicine, Africa also exports protective equipment such as sterile containers and has developed advanced manufacturing and regulatory infrastructure.

With so much soaring demand for medicine, the continent should increase its investment in public health. Public-private partnerships could provide a broader range of medicines to developing countries. Currently, most African countries are far from the 15 percent target set in the Abuja Declaration, with only Tanzania surpassing it last year. Afreximbank, a pan-African tech company, and the African Centres of Disease Control and Prevention have partnered to develop a platform to facilitate the export of medicine to Africa. Afreximbank will handle payments and logistics partners will ensure timely delivery.

In the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic medicine,

African pharmaceutical companies stepped up production of critical supplies, despite the continent’s reliance on external suppliers. With global shortages, disruption of supply chains, and export bans, African pharmaceutical companies are increasingly stepping up their game to meet the continent’s need for vital medicine. Leaders of African countries can decide which production capabilities are essential for the continent and which industries to support. Investments in regulatory capacity development and convergence and harmonization of medical products regulation should be prioritized.